The global spread of coronavirus means that many people will now need to take certain action steps to help reduce its transmission.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which some people refer to as coronavirus, causes coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19).
People can take the following everyday actions to help protect themselves and others from this illness:
Tips To prevent Corona Virus Disease
Regular hand-washing is one of the main ways to help prevent the transmission of coronavirus.
People should use plenty of soap and water to wash their hands for at least 20 seconds, especially after:
- traveling on public transport
- being in a public place
- blowing their nose
If a person is not able to use soap and water, they can use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
Washing the hands with soap or hand sanitizer helps kill any viruses on the hands that people may have come into contact with.
Learn more about the proper hand-washing technique in this article.
People should avoid touching their eyes, nose, and mouth with their hands, especially if they are unwashed. This can help limit the spread of germs and reduce the likelihood of them getting sick.
The hands come into contact with several surfaces throughout the day, and they may pick up viruses this way. A new report suggests that SARS-CoV-2 can remain on certain surfaces for up to 3 days.
If a person then touches their face, viruses can transfer to the eyes, nose, or mouth and enter the body.
Limiting contact with others
People should take care to avoid coming into close contact with others — especially those who are older, unwell, or have symptoms of the virus.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend staying 6 feet away from anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
This is because when a person coughs or sneezes, small droplets containing the virus leave their mouth and nose. Other people can then breathe these droplets in and catch any virus that the droplets may contain.
If a person lives within a community where coronavirus is present, the relevant government will likely have additional instructions on how to implement social distancing. These may include:
- staying home from work or working from home
- avoiding contact with anyone who is not a member of the household
- prohibiting large gatherings of people
- closing nonessential services, including bars and restaurants